Chemical Pollutants Examples for Water, Which You Must Know.

Chemical Pollutants Examples 

The most common water contamination causes are from Chemical Pollutants Examples. I have done extensive research on the main causes of water pollution and here I will analyze my findings.
  We are constantly advised to recycle and dispose of our waste in the proper manner, but only a very small percentage of the global population and companies follow this advice. The result is that they contaminate our environment, water sources, resulting in severe health challenges. It is vital to remember that Pollution is caused by chemical and unnatural contaminants.

Arsenic is a heavy metal known to be very toxic. People who drink water that contains arsenic beyond the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA's) standard for many years could go through several serious health issues. These could include problems with the bladder, heart, kidney, liver and lungs.
Arsenic can cause damage to the central and peripheral nervous system, as well as the circulatory system. Exposure to arsenic has been connected to different kinds of cancers.
Most communities include fluoride in the water they drink to promote good dental health. It is up to a community to decide whether they would like to add fluoride to their water. EPA has set a standard of 4 mg/L fluoride for drinking water. Those who drink water with fluoride beyond this level for several years could suffer from bone disease, bone pain and tenderness.
EPA has set another standard of 2 mg/L to give protection from dental fluorosis. Whether it comes in a moderate or severe form, dental fluorosis could lead to the pitting or the brown staining of permanent teeth. This only takes place in developing teeth before piercing through the gums. Kids below nine years old should never drink water with more than 2 mg/L of fluoride.
Lead typically enters the water system from plumbing in older establishments. Since August 1998, pipes and plumbing fittings made from lead have been banned. Pregnant women and children are the most prone to health risks caused by lead. To avoid lead, know how to remove it from your drinking water by reading the EPA fact sheet.
To kill the germs in drinking water, like e coli and giardia, most water suppliers add a disinfectant to the water. After heavy rains, your water system may add more disinfectants to ensure that such germs are killed.
Many people who drink water with chlorine which is more than EPA's standard could get irritated eyes and nose, plus stomach ache.
Chloramines are often formed whenever chlorine and ammonia are combined to treat the water. Water with chloramines is safe o drink - provided that it conforms to EPA rules. On the other hand, people exposed to chloramines beyond EPA's standard may feel some irritation in their eyes, nose and stomach.
Chlorine Dioxide is added to water to control its taste and odor. Infants and younger children who drink water with chlorine dioxide which is more than the EPA's standard could experience anemia and nervous system effects. The same effects may also take place in fetuses of pregnant women who drink more than EPA's standard of water with chlorine dioxide.
Disinfection Byproducts
Disinfection byproducts are formed whenever disinfectants added to water to kill germs act in response with naturally-occurring organic matter in it.
Total Trihalomethanes
When people drink water with trihalomethanes exceeding EPA's standard for many years, they may experience health issues as regards to their central nervous systems, kidneys and liver, as well as have a higher risk of acquiring cancer.
Haloacetic Acids
Those who drink water with haloacetic acids that are above EPA's standard for several years have a higher risk of getting cancer.
Some individuals who drink water with bromate which is beyond EPA's standard over the years are more prone to getting cancer.
A number of infants and kids who consume water containing chlorite greater then EPA's standard could experience anemia and nervous system effects. Similar effects may also take place in fetuses of pregnant women.
Chemicals that we use on land can seep into our drinking water, waterways and reach our oceans, rivers and lakes. We say that the water body is polluted when it is unfit for its intended purpose.
When chemicals from landfills seep into the ground and into our water supply, for example, it can make us sick. Our drinking water will be unsafe to drink. Our extensive use of pesticides in agriculture is also another cause of water pollution.
When these chemicals get into rivers, lakes and oceans, it can kill marine animals and marine flora, causing an imbalance in out aquatic ecosystem. Even birds are affected by water pollution since they get their food from the ocean too. Fish is part of our food supply. When chemicals invade our oceans, it can contaminate the fish. When we eat these contaminated fish, it can have adverse effects to our health.
The ocean comprises about 70% of our planet and water is without a doubt our most precious natural resource - which is why the extinction of many marine animals is a big cause of concern. Without a healthy marine bio system, our planet and all who live in it are in serious danger.
We know this, but what are we doing about it? If we don’t become better at disposing of our waste and taking care of our water sources, there will come a time when we won’t be able to enjoy these water bodies, and worse, have any clean water to drink.